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WORKSTATION DESIGN

GUIDELINES:
General
Workstation
Laboratory
Other Occupations
Home, Sports, & Hobby
ErgoKids Program
Ergonomics & Aging
workstation setup
SITTING
sitting elbow
What is the Optimal Keyboard,
Mouse and Monitor Height?
Measurement A: Sitting Elbow
  1. Adjust thechair so your feet are firmly on the floor and your knees are even to or slightly lower than your hips.
  2. Relax your shoulders, place your hands in your lap, then raise your hand even with your elbow.
  3. Ask your ergo buddy to measure the distance from the floor to your elbow.
Measurement B: Keyboard/Mouse Surface
There are six options for the height of the surface that supports the keyboard and mouse, three for each style of typing. Select the option that matches the keyboard design and your tying style.Using the Sitting Elbow height you measured above (Measurement A), determine the correct keyboard/mouse surface height for yourself as follows:
Touch typist
  • 1" lower than sitting elbow if a standard keyboard is used.
  • 2" lower than sitting elbow if alternative keyboard such as Logitech Comfort Duo or MicroSoft Natural keybaord is used.
  • 3" lower than sitting elbow if keyboard tented up to 3"e (e.g., Goldtouch) is used.
Non-touch typist
  • Same height as sitting elbow if a standard keyboard is used.
  • 1" lower than sitting elbow if alternative keyboard such as Logitech Comfort Duo or MicroSoft Natural keybaord is used.
  • 2" lower than sitting elbow if keyboard tented up to 3"e (e.g., Goldtouch) is used.

Note: You will always need to use a low profile keyboard tray if you have no space between your thighs and forearms and you do not look at the keys when you type.

Measurement C: Monitor Height

The monitor should never be so high that you have to lift your chin to see any part of the screen. Therefore, the top 1/4 of the screen should be equal with your straight-ahead vision, unless most of your work is done in the lower 1/4 of the screen (then the monitor can be higher) OR if you wear bifocals (then the monitor needs to be lower). Do not place the monitor on the hard drive/docking station if it sets it too high. The monitor should be close enough for you to see your work without holding your head forward.

Reading/Writing Surface

Your work surface should be 2" above your sitting elbow. You should be able to sit comfortably under the surface and work at it without elevating your shoulders. If the surface is not adjustable, you will need to raise your chair and use a footrest. Do not lower your chair to the incorrect height if the surface is too low. Instead, raise the surface so you can keep your knees slightly lower than your hips.

STANDING
Standing Workstation
Vision Care

To reduce the risk factors leading to eye fatigue, refer to our article on eye care, The Eyes Have It, and follow the recommendations below:


Ergonomic Equipment, Tools, Office Supplies

An "ergonomic" product is one that fits the user and is appropriate for thetask (i.e., it does not cause discomfort or injury and improves productivity). There are alarge variety of quality and cost-effective products available. Please refer to the Products portion of this website for our recommendations.



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